Partner in Empire: Dwarkanath Tagore and the Age of Enterprise in Eastern India


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Later generations of the Kusharis Tagores moved out of their village in Burdwan and migrated to different parts of Undivided Bengal. A section of them migrated to Jessore town then a part of greater Nadia District and their descendents came to be known as Pirali Brahmin , as they got connected to a Brahmin family which had converted to Islam.

Dwarakanth's mother, Alokasundari Devi was a woman of strong personality, which greatly influenced him in his childhood. His early education and upbringing was within the family home Thakur Bari by Gayanth Bhattacharya "Tarkalankar", a pandit from Agradwip. At age 10 in , realising the importance of English education, he was admitted to Sherbourne's school on the Chitpur Road by Ramlochan Tagore. Sherbourne's favourite pupils.

On 12 December , Ramlochan died leaving all his property to his adopted son Dwarkanath, who was then a minor.


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This property consisted of zamindari estates governed by the complicated Regulations of Permanent Settlement introduced by Lord Cornwallis in The Zamindars were the ruling authority of a certain sub-division or region under The British ruling authority in India and they the Zamindars had the authority to collect tax or to rule their fellow residents inside the territory of their Zamindaris on behalf of the British Government in India. Therefore, to participate in the Zamindari left by his adopted father Ramlochan Thakur as the forthcoming Zamindar, Dwarkanath left school in at the age of 16 and apprenticed himself under a renowned barrister at Calcutta Robert Cutlar Fergusson and shuttled between Calcutta and his estates at Behrampore and Cuttack.

Dwarkanath attained the rare quality of being well versed in languages like English, Bengali, Arabic, Farsi, etc. He took upon his first assignment from the wealthy zamindar of Jessore, Baradakanta Roy, who promised him 2 guineas per line to translate a firman by Murshid Quli Khan from Arabic to English. In later years Dwarkanath would appoint European managers for his estates at Sahajadpur and Behrampore. In time Dwarkanath would convert his estates to integrated commercial-industrial complexes with indigo , silk and sugar factories.

In the cut throat world of zamindari politics Dwarkanath took no nonsense and gave no quarter to either European or native. His knowledge of the tenancy laws stood him in good stead.

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Unlike his good friend Rammohan Roy , who pleaded for the rights of the poor ryots, Dwarkanath Tagore was the best corporate minded entrepreneur of his contemporary age. His innovative ideas, sharp intelligence, disciplined approaches and dedication established his greatness in the history of Indian entrepreneurs of all time.

Template:According to whom. Although the pay was meagre at under Rs. Trevor Plowden formed a lifelong friendship with Dwarkanath.

How the East India Company, and some bad luck, stymied Dwarkanath Tagore’s business ventures

In there arose a great scandal in the Salt Revenue department, centred on a dishonest Dewan. Because of Dwarkanath's own personal integrity and character, he was requested to take over as Dewan of the Board. He did not take long to rend asunder the network of corruption which resulted in a counter petition against him to the Board accusing him of defalcation. To clear his name an enquiry was ordered which at each stage of enquiry — by the Board, by the Governor General and finally by the India Office at London — cleared him unreservedly. By then Dwarkanath had had enough of Government service and resigned in June to launch into his spectacular career as a full-time entrepreneur.

Tagore was a western-educated Bengali Brahmin and an acknowledged civic leader of Kolkata who played a pioneering role in setting up a string of commercial ventures—banking, insurance and shipping companies— in partnership with British traders. In , he became the first Indian bank director. In , he founded Union Bank in Calcutta.

Beyond Borders International Festival 2018: The East India Company: The Original Corporate Raiders

He helped found the first [1] Anglo-Indian Managing Agency industrial organizations that ran jute mills, coal mines, tea plantations, etc. Even earlier, Rustomjee Cowasjee , a Parsi in Calcutta, had formed an inter-racial firm but in the early 19th century, Parsis were classified as a Near Eastern community as opposed to South Asian.

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Tagore's company managed huge zamindari estates spread across today's West Bengal and Odisha states in India, and in Bangladesh , besides holding large stakes in new enterprises that were tapping the rich coal seams of Bengal, running tug services between Calcutta and the mouth of the river Hooghly and transplanting Chinese tea crop to the plains of Upper Assam. Carr, Tagore and Company was one of those Indian private companies engaged in the opium trade with China. Production of opium was in India and it was sold in China. When the Chinese protested, the East India company transferred the opium trade to the proxy of certain selected Indian companies, of which this was one.

Tagore Family | nypowoqevuki.tk

In Tagore purchased the first Indian coal mine in Runigunj , [1] which eventually became the Bengal Coal Company. Very large schooners were engaged in shipments. This made Dwarkanath extremely rich, and there are legends about the extent of his wealth. Dwarkanath Tagore was of the firm conviction that at those times "the happiness of India is best secured by her connection with England".

Dwarkanath was no doubt a loyalist, and a sincere one at that, but he was by no means a toady. Servility was as far from his character as was lack of generosity from his nature.

He was also firm in defending the interest and sentiments of his people against European prejudices. Incidentally, most of the women workers are widows! This in a way explains why they are working in such a wretched condition — for livelihood in a world where their very existence is an issue.

Then, there is the issue of opencast mining, which gradually destroys the very pulse of a rural life. The most common problem associated with mining is that of involuntary displacement. Other risks associated with involuntary displacement are livelihood losses, employment problems and socio-cultural uprootedness. While the ECl officials have claimed that the company has adequate safety measures in place, the reality is grim. Geophysicist Tapas Kumar Ghatak warns that if any fatal disaster takes place in near future, it would be man-made rather than natural.

Prof Ranen Sen of Colorado School of Mines, USA, argues that opencast mining can disturb environment in various ways — from environmental degeneration to displacement of human beings. He also says that changes take place in soil texture due to settling of air-borne dust, leading to deterioration in the very characteristics of soil in the region.

Carr, Tagore laid the foundation of the fortunes of the Tagore family. Yet, it was a legacy which its most celebrated member viewed with ambiguous feelings. Maybe Rabindranath could see how corruption and cruelty were part and parcel of the coal industry and, thus, wanted to avoid the muck it always brought to those associated with it.

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Partner in Empire: Dwarkanath Tagore and the Age of Enterprise in Eastern India Partner in Empire: Dwarkanath Tagore and the Age of Enterprise in Eastern India
Partner in Empire: Dwarkanath Tagore and the Age of Enterprise in Eastern India Partner in Empire: Dwarkanath Tagore and the Age of Enterprise in Eastern India
Partner in Empire: Dwarkanath Tagore and the Age of Enterprise in Eastern India Partner in Empire: Dwarkanath Tagore and the Age of Enterprise in Eastern India
Partner in Empire: Dwarkanath Tagore and the Age of Enterprise in Eastern India Partner in Empire: Dwarkanath Tagore and the Age of Enterprise in Eastern India
Partner in Empire: Dwarkanath Tagore and the Age of Enterprise in Eastern India Partner in Empire: Dwarkanath Tagore and the Age of Enterprise in Eastern India
Partner in Empire: Dwarkanath Tagore and the Age of Enterprise in Eastern India Partner in Empire: Dwarkanath Tagore and the Age of Enterprise in Eastern India
Partner in Empire: Dwarkanath Tagore and the Age of Enterprise in Eastern India Partner in Empire: Dwarkanath Tagore and the Age of Enterprise in Eastern India
Partner in Empire: Dwarkanath Tagore and the Age of Enterprise in Eastern India Partner in Empire: Dwarkanath Tagore and the Age of Enterprise in Eastern India

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